Identifying Fake Jades
June 2009: Replace – I’ve received lots of wonderful suggestions, together with useful constructive data, from viewers of this webpage, and that i lengthen my appreciation to all of you. When I have time I hope to replace this page with the knowledge I’ve acquired, nevertheless it in all probability won’t be anytime soon.
Also, simply wished to say, whereas I wish I could assist reader electronic mail requests to determine their jade articles or potential buys, I don’t have the experience. I am not an knowledgeable and it is troublesome to judge from just photographs. This page is solely a interest for me that I hope helps to steer others in the best direction. Please try to contact a industrial gem or jewelry knowledgeable. I hope you’ll be able to perceive, thank you.
Many merchants and antique sellers tend to call any green-wanting stone “jade”, when it could really just be serpentine, glass and even plastic. Some confusion arises when the phrase “jade” is used misleadingly to describe one thing that is simply “inexperienced”. Sadly, quite a few names for minerals are very misleading because they use the phrase “jade” but will not be, actually, both jadeite or nephrite. Listed listed below are a variety of common fakes and fraud.
Here are a couple of ground guidelines and warnings about pretend jades:
1. Just because something is inexperienced doesn’t make it “jade”.
2. Location names are nearly a useless giveaway that one thing just isn’t jadeite or nephrite.
Note About eBay: Be very cautious when purchasing jade from sellers on eBay! As illustrated under in lots of examples, some dishonest or ignorant sellers are greater than willing to make use of the word “jade” in many misleading ways. Strive to ensure the vendor specifies “jadeite” or “nephrite” and offers a guarantee. I even selected some of the nice examples, like the place it says “soapstone jade”…some confused or dishonest merchants might list their green soapstone as “jade” and not even say “soapstone”. All examples have been chosen from eBay on at some point and are just a few chosen out of many examples. At any given time there are dozens to a whole bunch of faux jades for sale. Beware!
“Afghanistan jade” or “Afghan jade” is quite a lot of serpentine known as bowenite, and sometimes known as “sang-i-yashm”. It could actually range from white to mild and dark inexperienced and can happen with black or pink.
Instance of “Afghanistan Jade” falsely represented as jade on eBay
“African jade” is definitely a green number of garnet called “grossular” and isn’t true jade.
Example of “African Jade” falsely represented as jade on eBay
Not surprisingly, “agate jade” is in reality agate and not jade. Typically the shade varieties are misrepresented and called “pink agate jade”.
Example of “agate” falsely represented as jade on eBay
Even worse, this item’s description very blatantly tries to offer the impression that that is jade, when agate just isn’t jade! “The historical Chinese believed that jade was the essence of Heaven and Earth. Chinese individuals has a protracted historical past of wearing jade…This baby bangle is manufactured from top Chinese language purple agate jade”
“Alaska jade” is actually pectolite. The name “Alaska” refers back to the pectolite deposits found close to Point Barrow, Alaska.
“Albite Jade” is definitely a combination white albite feldspar and inexperienced actinolite. It is claimed to be often made into bangles. Albite tends to present a white streaked look to the minerals that it is mixed with.
“Amazon jade” is definitely a variety of inexperienced feldspar referred to as “amazonite” and is not jade.
“Amazon Jade” is not true jade
“American jade” is actually californite and never jade. Californite is a kind of green vesuvianite that is also sometimes known as inexperienced idocrase.
“American Jade” just isn’t true jade
“Andesine Jade” has nothing to do with jade and is simply andesine.
“Asian jade” is such a generic title that it may well discuss with a variety of pretend jades, notably serpentine.
Example of “serpentine” falsely represented as jade on eBay
“Australian Jade” is chrysoprase quartz and never jade.
B. C. Jade
“B. C. Jade” refers to a nephrite jade found in British Columbia, Canada. The colour moss-like medium inexperienced coloration.
“Beijing Jade” is typically glass misrepresented as jade.
“Candy jade” refers to a hard white stone (not jade) that’s dyed to numerous vivid colours inexperienced, yellow, pink and purple. One website describes some as resembling saltwater taffy.
Be careful about this Aztec word! It’s utilized in Mexico to consult with jade, butalso contains carvings of different green non-jade rocks; including marble, serpentine, smithsonite and turquoise.
“Colorado jade” is actually a green variety of feldspar known as “amazonite”. It is known as “Colorado” as a result of the Pikes Peaks region is a large source of amazonite discovered in 1876.
“Dushan jade” is comprised of saussurite, not true jade.
In August 2006 I obtained electronic mail from someone demanding to know my source for this info, and referred to as my page a “deceptive bunch of bull”. Setting the insults apart, the data on Dushan jade came fromR. V. Dietrich, Professor Emeritus from the College of Science and Technology, Central Michigan College. To quote:
Saussurite (additionally known as Dushan jade, jade tenace, Nanyang jade, and Swiss jade) -This alteration product of some basaltic composition igneous rocks, or extra particularly to their plagioclase feldspar element, consists largely of albite (sodium-rich plagioclase feldspar) and epidote and/or zoisite (each epidote group minerals) and generally also contains lesser percentages of calcite and sericitic mica plus or minus one or more of the zeolite group minerals and/or prehnite. Some saussurite seems macroscopically homogeneous — indeed it was as soon as thought of to be a mineral species. – [Distinguishing saussurite from jade by macroscopic means might be tough — e.g.each its typical hardness and particular gravity fall inside the range of those of jade; thus, it is lucky, and noteworthy, that saussurite is never present in pieces of fascinating shade which are large enough to be carved (etc.) so it has discovered little use as a jade substitute.].
One other web site known as “Chinese Jade Gifts” even states: “Nanyang jade: A sort of plagioclase rock with a hardness of 6-6.5 degree from Dushan, Nanyang, Henan province. So generally it is called Dushan jade.” Sorry to say, but “plagioclase rock” is a feldspar, not jadeite or nephrite.
If that isn’t thought-about convincing sufficient, take a look at this page
This page is named “Jade Sage from Mt. DuShan” and clearly states “Dushan Chime (Saussurite)”!
Followup: The particular person writing in to complain is in actual fact…a seller from eBay. After I politely responded with this details about saussurite, plagioclase and feldspar, she responded with, quote: “It seems redicious(sic) to me..I don”t(sic) want to speak about this anymore i am sure to get my point…It takes all sort and your(sic) a kind of different kinds I surpose(sic)..Your(sic) so full of it that it makes me sick”. As I’ve said earlier than, be very cautious about purchasing jade on eBay!
Feather River Jade
“Feather River Jade” truly refers to californite, not jade.
“Fire jade” is a poor high quality opal and not jade. Interestingly enough, I’ve seen “fire jade” marketed on eBay actually representing what the vendor described as “purple jade glass pieces”…clearly glass, not jade in any sense of the phrase.
“Fire Jade” within the eBay heading described additional within the text as “crimson jade glass pieces”. (Emphasis mine)
“Fukien jade” is product of soapstone, not jade.
“Garnet jade” are manufactured from kinds of garnet and will not be jade.
A picture of an item on the market known as “NOBLEST GARNET JADE NECKLACE 4ROWS Lengthy” for $zero.Ninety nine — not solely is it obviously garnet, but a true four-row jade necklace with be 200 instances that price.
Ghost jade is an attention-grabbing as a result of while it is close to jade it is not quite thought-about jade. It is a coarse-grained nephrite found in western Nevada. Nevertheless it is too coarsely-grained to be thought of true jade.
Comfortable Camp Jade
“Completely satisfied Camp Jade” is actually manufactured from californite, not true jade. The identify comes from californite deposits that had been found at Blissful Jack mine.
“Honan Jade” is de facto soapstone, serpentine or steatite, not jade. It’s even been described as bowenite.
Curiously, this eBay ad for “Honan Jade heart-all pure” describes it as “Honan jade (bowenite) heart”
Imperial Mexican Jade
“Imperial Mexican Jade” is actually just green-dyed calcite, not jade.
The terms “India Jade” or “Indian Jade” usually means a green number of quartz known as aventurine and not true jade.
“India jade” will not be true jade
This item is a refreshingly sincere description of India Jade as Aventurine
“Jade Tenace” is mostly a white to gentle green mineral called saussurite.
Jade Matrix (also called snowflake jade) is a greenish tremolite with some off-white albite feldspar. It is not true jade.
“Jadeolite” is definitely syenite, not jade.
“Jadine” is actually Australian chrysoprase and not true jade.
“Japanese jade” is actually just white agate speckled with spinach-inexperienced.
“Jasper jade” is really simply jasper or serpentine, not jade at all.
“Jiuquan jade” is a kind of serpentine, not jade. It is green and may have black spots. It comes from the Qilian veste stone island solde mountains of Gansu. The hardness is 4.5-5 and density is 2.44-three.18g/cm3.
The so-known as “Korea Jade” is normally serpentine, bowenite, steatite or many different kinds of green stone, not jade. Often it will probably confer with impure jade. Generally it is even just paste.
“Korea Jade” is not true jade
Lantian jade can be a type of serpentine known as tremolite, and is not jade. It is usually yellow and mild blue and is far softer than true jade. It comes from Lantian, Shanxi…therefore the identify.
“Lemon jade” is a bright yellow number of serpentine that is commonly misrepresented as jade. It is very complicated because it is conceivable that someone may legitimately describe yellow jade as lemony for descriptive purposes. My suggestion is to totally query the vendor about whether it is serpentine or jadeite.
“Longxi jade” is actually tremolite, not jade. It’s often found from the Sichuan Province in China.
“Malaysian jade” is definitely quartzite that has been dyed green or other colours.
“Manchurian jade” is just soapstone, not true jade.
“Marble jade” or “Jade marble” is a misleading approach to describe inexperienced-coloured marble that is certainly not jade.
These so-referred to as “jade marble nugget beads” are actually fabricated from plastic & acrylic, not jade!
“Meta-jade” is a Japanese glass jade simulant, not true jade. It is described as a “partially devitrified apatite-composition glass” and also “Iimori glass”. It is not as onerous as true jade and may have a particular conchoidal fracture.
“Mexican Jade” or “Imperial Mexican Jade” is usually simply dyed onyx or calcite that’s dyed green. It is sometimes known as “dyed stalagmitic calcite”.
“Mexican Jade” isn’t true jade
“Mihuang jade” is a light to dark yellow shade.
“Mountain Jade” has been a misleading name for dolomite.
“Nanyang jade” can be a white to mild green mineral known as saussurite, not jade.
“Nanyang jade” is a type of feldspar known as plagioclase, and is not jade. It is alleged to have hardness of 5.5-6.5 and density 2.Forty four-three.18g/cm3. It is produced in Nanyang, Henan and is also called “Dushan Jade”.
The so-referred to as “new jade” is often simply serpentine or a variety of serpentine called bowenite. It’s a pale inexperienced shade that some describe as “celery-like”.
Oregon Jade or Oregon Jade Jasper
“Oregon Jade” is used to check with darkish inexperienced jasper or inexperienced garnet found in Oregon and California.
“Pectolite jade” is manufactured from pectolite, not true jade.
While “Peking jade” generally legitimately refers to nephrite jade, typically it is only green glass or an apple-green coloured serpentine.
Peking glass is just glass, not jade
The eBay comment for this merchandise is: “Buddha head carving measuring approximately 12cm tall and 7.5cm in width carved from apple inexperienced serpentine generally referred to as “Peking Jade” by the jewelry commerce”
“Pulga jade” is fabricated from californite, not true jade. It acquired it’s name for the deposits of californite discovered close to Pulga, California.
“Pulga Jade is also called Californite and is from Pulga, California which is on the Feather River where the principle Pulga Jade – Californite was originally mined”
Pulga Jade is actually californite, not jade
“Queensland jade” is manufactured from a variety of quartz known as chrysoprase chalcedony.
“Regal jade” is quite a lot of quartz known as aventurine, not true jade.
Rhode Island Jade
“Rhode Island jade” is a wide range of mild-green serpentine referred to as bowenite that is misrepresented as jade. It occurs in Rhode Island inside small bits of limestone. Bowenite was found in 1822 and named after George T. Bowen, a Rhode Island geologist. It was in truth made the official state mineral in 1966. Reportedly there is not much limestone left in Rhode Island so it’s not found too usually. Two of essentially the most known quarries are referred to as Harris and Conklin Lime Quarries.
“Rhodesian jade” is fabricated from verite, not jade.
“Russian Jade” is usually serpentine, not jade.
“Serpentine Jade” is usually serpentine or bowenite, not jade.
“Shanghai Jade is steatite or talc, and not true jade.
“Shoushan Jade” (also known as “Shoushan Stone”) is typically referred to as “jade”. It’s mined and quarried from a village referred to as Shoushan, and is definitely comprised of lava and crystalline ore. It does come in a variety of colors however isn’t practically as tough as true jade. These are most often faked as very elaborate three-D sculptures.
Example of “ShouShan Stone” falsely represented as jade on eBay
Silver Peak Jade
“Silver Peak Jade” is a misleading time period used (reportedly in Nevada) for malachite. It is not practically as laborious as jade (3.5-4 compared to jade’s 6-7). It’s often easily visibly completely different.
“Siberian Jade” is occasionally described as nephrite, but in lots of places it seems with “Russian Jade” and described as serpentine, not jade.
“Siberian blue nephrite (also referred to as dianite) – a large blue (diverse hues) quartz, tremolite, magnesio-arfvedsonite rock, the texture of which resembles nephrite jade from an unspecified location, in Siberia (Johnson et al.2000). Dianite – name used, especially in Russia, for the fabric listed right here as Siberian blue nephrite (Johnson et al.2000, p.66-67).”
Siberian or Russian jade shouldn’t be true jade
“Soochow jade” is actually a soapstone, serpentine, bowenite or steatite…positively not jade. The color is normally green, blue-green to gray-green. The title comes from the town of Soochow.
SooChow Jade shouldn’t be true jade
South African Jade
“South African Jade” is definitely a inexperienced number of garnet referred to as “grossular”.
“Stryrian jade” from is a wide range of serpentine found in Austria.
“Styrian jade – rock consisting largely of an aluminous serpentine (typically incorrectly referred to as pseudophite), plus pinite (identify generally applied to large tremendous grained mica, typically muscovite) and clinochlore (a chlorite). Much, if not all, of this rock that has been carved into ornaments and marketed as a jade substitute has come from east of Graz, Styria State, Austria – [inferior hardness]. Pseudophite – see Styrian jade.”
“Styrian jade – an aluminous serpentine (sometimes incorrectly called pseudophite) plus pinite (a designation regularly utilized to huge, positive-grained mica, sometimes muscovite) and clinochlore (a chlorite) that has been carved into ornaments and marketed as a jade substitute. A well-known locality is east of Graz, Styria State, Austria. “
“Swiss Jade” is actually just a dyed-inexperienced jasper or a white-to-green material known as saussurite.
“Timber-Veined Jade” is actually comprised of calcite with some iron and obtained it is identify from the vein stripes.
This may be a poor translation to English, however one webpage warns that this “this kind of jade will lose its polish right after contacting beer.”
“Transvaal jade” is actually a inexperienced number of garnet known as “huge green grossular” and is not jade. It has also been called “hydrogrossular from Bufflesfontein”.
Turkish Jade or Turkish Jadeite is a purple rock from Turkey that may have some jadeite content material, but less than 80%.
“Vesuvianite jade” is one other time period for californite and is not true jade. The time period “Vesuvianite” comes from deposits that had been found near Mount Vesuvius in Italy.
“Virginia jade” is a green variety of feldspar called “amazonite” and isn’t jade.
“Xiuyan jade” is a form of serpentine -Mg6[Si4O10](OH)eight- and isn’t jade. The rigidity is 3.5-5.5, density is 2.44-three.18g/cm3. It comes from Xiuyan of Liaoning.