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I discovered A Fossil On The Seashore And Puzzled

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Life Sciences
I found a Fossil on the Beach and Puzzled
Updated on March 22, 2017 Kathi moreContact Creator Discovering Frequent Fossils on Nice Lakes Beaches
A favorite past time for a lot of is combing the beaches for attention-grabbing gadgets the surf washes in. Whether or not you are strolling along the shoreline of the ocean or the great Lakes within the USA, your imagination is on high alert to choose one thing up you simply cannot cross by! Suddenly, something catches your eye! But, it is not driftwood or seashore glass and even a fairly rock. You may not know exactly why, but you suspect you found one thing that was as soon as a dwelling creature.

Has this ever happened to you A deep sense of curiosity and childlike imagination drives us to find out what we may have picked up along our saltwater or freshwater shorelines. Having collected fairly a few samples from Lake Michigan’s shoreline, myself, I finally determined at some point to satisfy my nagging curiosity and followed through with a rewarding investigation. The more I discovered about my stony sand-smoothed findings, the more I wished to know. I wondered what the creatures may have looked like when alive and how they survived. I also wished to know how they showed up so prevalent along the recent water beaches. A while later, after many answered questions, I can honestly say I enjoy a cool hobby. Taking things a step additional, I have drawn illustrations of their living beings and started a fossil site. Yow will discover the hyperlink at the end.

Some of essentially the most prevalent fossils found alongside the great Lake’s beaches are crinoids (proven in the photos to the precise). They’ve been coined with a a number of names due to the animal’s features and by the character of their fossils found throughout history. One common name for them is “Indian Beads”. Native Individuals were recognized to make necklaces with their broken up items which resemble the shape of beads perfect for stringing. They’ve also been known as “Lucky Stones”! Spotting one takes a eager eye as a lot of the pieces are quite small.

As living creatures, every circular section was stacked one over the other constructing the animal’s total framework. They possessed branching arms that sat atop long single stems. They were sessile creatures, in other phrases, they remained attached to the sea ground. Some varieties are identified to have towered a number of meters in length. Their free structure resulted in the residing organism’s beautifully coloured and flower like look which granted them the nickname of “Sea Lilies”. They captured tiny meals particles passing by on ocean currents with their feathery network of arms that functioned like traps. Crinoids match into the phylum of Echinoderm, that means spiny pores and skin, and are cousins of starfish, sea urchins and feather stars.

Sea lily crinoid’s lengthy historical past began through the Ordovician Interval round 500 million years ago, although most fossils are from the Mississipian Period round 345 mya and are preserved in limestone. At present there are far fewer species and most lack the lengthy meandering stem widespread in Paleozoic varieties.

Within the course my investigation, I had typically puzzled why so many crinoid fossils ended up along the great Lakes; significantly by the fact that they had thrived in saltwater environments. I’ve since discovered they are veste stone island noir often found widespread in North America. A part of the reply to my inquiry is straightforward sufficient to elucidate. Throughout their lifetime, much of the world’s continents have been lined beneath heat shallow oceans, together with elements of North America. So how is it their fossils are so common near the massive lakes The reply is because ten thousand years in the past when the large glaciers sculpted the deep basins forming the good Lakes, in addition they dug into the deep layers where their remains rested. In the method, they have been deposited where we now can uncover them and revel of their secrets, in addition to that of different species from the identical period.

One other common beach discover, bryozoans are often referred to as lace corals because of their delicately threaded look, however they aren’t true corals. Instead, they are moss-like animals belonging to the household of Fenestellida for his or her fan-formed, mesh look. They live in tight colonies sculpted by hard, limy, branching constructions. The colony consists of hundreds of particular person animals called “zooids”. Every particular person zooid lives inside its own limy tube called a zooecium. The zooecium are the scale of sewing needles. A single zooid begins the colony. A bryozoan colony has been noticed growing from a single zooid to 38,000 in just five months. Each additional zooid is a clone of the very first one.

Interesting how they feed, Every zooid has an opening by means of which the animal can extend its ring of tentacles referred to as lophophores. Their lophophores capture microscopic plankton from the water passing by. If one zooid receives food, it nourishes the neighboring zooids because they are joined by strands of protoplasm. If only we people could possibly be extra like them making certain everyone on the planet is fed!

Their fossil document dates back 500 mya with 15,000 known species. Right this moment there are about 3,500 dwelling species.

I discovered these clam fossils on the shore of Oval Beach in Southwestern Michigan. The shell of the darker pattern has been fully replaced by minerals and is petrified to stone. Its easy surface is a telltale demonstration of the lake’s sand and water motion. The lighter colored pattern clearly reveals the hardened muddy sediment that has completely encrusted its shell.

“Clam” generally is a time period that covers all bivalves. Some clams bury themselves in sand and breathe by extending a tube to the water’s surface. Bivalve oysters and mussels attach themselves to laborious objects and scallops can free swim by flapping their valves collectively. Every type lack a head and normally haven’t any eyes, though scallops are a notable exception. With the use of two adductor muscles they will open and close their shells tightly. Very fittingly, the word “clam” provides rise to the metaphor “to clam up”, meaning to stop talking or listening.

Bivalves have occupied Earth as early as the Cambrian Period 510 million years in the past, but they have been particularly ample in the course of the Devonian Period around 400 million years ago. Their fossils are discovered in all marine ecosystems and most commonly in close to shore environments. In 2007, off the coast of Iceland, a clam was discovered to be at least 405 years old. It was declared the world’s oldest residing creature by North Wales, Bangor University researchers.

No different organisms typify the Age of Invertebrates more than brachiopods. They are probably the most plentiful Paleozic fossils, apart from possibly trilobites. Paleontologists use them so far rocks and different fossils. Countless billions accumulated on the ocean floor with over 30,000 forms. At present there are far fewer species, solely about 300 which dwell largely in chilly water, deep ocean environments.

Brachiopods appear like clams however are very totally different inside. To tell them apart, clams have uneven shaped shells, but each prime and bottom halves are similar. Brachiopods are symmetrical at a look, but the bottom shell is smaller. Brachiopods are generally called “lampshells” as a consequence of their similarity in shape to a Roman oil lamp.

They dwell in communities attached to objects by a muscular foot referred to as a pedicle. They pressure water in and out of their shells filtering microorganisms with their lophophores, a crown of tentacles.

In the course of the Devonian time slot, over 350 million years in the past, Michigan was lined by a shallow saltwater sea. That’s where mass colonies of corals referred to as Hexagonaria, percarinata, commonly referred to as Petoskey Stones, thrived and flourished. The saltwater seascape should have been lit up with a quilt-work of colors by the mass colonies. Sadly, they turned extinct at the top of the Permian Period’s mass extinction.

The name “Petoskey” originated from an Ottawa fur-trader chief named Petosegay. A northern Michigan city was named after him, solely the identify was modified to Petoskey. Because of their veste stone island noir abundance along Michigan shorelines, especially in the northern areas near Petoskey, Governor George Romney signed a bill in 1965 that made the Petoskey Stone the official state stone.

Mens Stone Island Ribbed Sweater Dark GreyWhen observing one of the fossils, every coral hexagon construction, visible to the attention, held a single animal which opened a mouth to expose tentacles. The tentacles took in food and were also used to sting any organism or other corallite that came too shut. Calcite, silica and different minerals changed the original corallite exoskeleton.

An extinct order of coral referred to as tabulate corals additionally formed reefs and lived in heat shallow waters during the same period because the Petoskey Stone corals. They have been the favosite corals. The tabulae (horizontal inner layers) had been constructed outward because the organism grew. These layers can clearly be seen in the picture to the precise. The favosites can also be identified by the honeycomb pattern on the exterior of their fossilized remains.

Hope you’ve loved my fossil discoveries. Subsequent time you visit the seashore, keep your eyes open for a fossil discovery of your own. You’re welcome to use my hub or go to my fossil weblog to assist make an identification!

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sendingGreensleeves Hubs 2 years in the past from Essex, UK
Good introduction to fossils and fossil looking for beginners Kathi.

I like the road:
‘A deep sense of curiosity and childlike imagination drives a few of us to find out what we picked up alongside the freshwater shoreline.’

That is the unfortunate level I feel. For some motive, as folks grow out of childhood too many lose their childhood fascination for such things as fossils, as well as different wonders just like the creatures which live in a pond, or the stars to be seen in the night sky. That is sad – if solely everyone might keep that sense of curiosity and imagination as they develop up – the world can be a much more wondrous place for all – adults, in addition to children.

I hope some not less than feel impressed as they walk alongside a shoreline or beside a cliff face, to show over a number of stones and see what they’ll discover. Alun

AuthorKathi four years ago from Saugatuck Michigan
Thank you Ps… sorry I missed this so long ago! Recognize you angels messages a lot! Have an excellent week ahead! Kathi :O)

Patricia Scott 4 years in the past from sunny Florida
Sure, Fossillady, I did get pleasure from this. This has been an afternoon of learning. I’ve read so many fascinating articles this afternoon and this one is unquestionably one I’ll remember. I had no concept. It is amazing how much there’s to learn about fossils.

Voted up+++
Sending many Angels your means this afternoon. 🙂 ps

Jon 5 years ago
Thanks for the great useful resource. Been amassing fossils on the seaside in Chicago for a yr or so and your site and data is the very best on the market. Thanks!

Pete 5 years in the past
Hey that is so cool i just purchased my first fossil and wana talk with people abot these things . somebody text me haha

Hey Micky, good to see you, sorry so late as I’ve been so busy currently with new jobs and all! I miss the common contact with all my hubber pals! Thank you for the great remark, you’re very type to say so! Hope the whole lot is great with you! Hugs my pal

Micky Dee 6 years ago
Your hubs are so pretty! Thanks dear Fossillady!

Ha, What are you aware, I’m a geo-jokster and do not even understand it…hee
Ha fossillady something new…LOL and were speaking about fossil Ha that is an awesome geo-joke…

Extremely pleased with this discussion Tom and Birdy, realized one thing new!!!!!
I suppose it is sort of a tree with the circles. Fascinating.

I am pretty positive the accretion traces on the highest of a clam will reveal its age-like the rings on a tree the clam will get greater and another ring is added-

Brenda Barnes 6 years in the past from America-Damaged However Still Stunning
I’ll speak fossils with you any day. I am in touch with both sides of my mind! Typically I shock myself, lol.

“In 2007, off the coast of Iceland, a clam was found to be at the least 405 years previous. It was declared the world’s oldest residing creature by North Wales, Bangor University researchers.” How do they know this and the place is the clam at now How does one decide the age of a clam that has seen centuries go Oh, I feel a poem simply got here to thoughts. Each sides of that brain are reacting at the same time.

Thanks for a terrific and properly researched Hub.
Very form of you Janet! I had never labored with pastels earlier than so there’s a number of room for enchancment, they’re principally focused for kids! Subsequent time you’re on the seaside or in nature I hope you possibly can recognize a few of these fossils!

tumblintumblweed 6 years ago
Very interesting hub,Fossillady !Very informative and I like the artwork! It’s superior.I by no means knew a few of these were fossils! Effectively,I positive realized something tonight!

Thanks for sharing each information and artwork…nice combo!

i do know its kinda funny I at all times preferred Ross too and my spouse would always have a look at me when he would say something geological…

don’t fret- submit a fossily hub i will read it…
ya obtained one fan…its a start

I do know what you mean, no person desires to speak about fossils with me either. Reminds me of Ross on Associates. He always wants to share his details about fossils and the others won’t have something to do with it!lol

I’m just glad to speak fossils ith someone- my kids likem however.. even they tire of wanting fast

Nice advice Tom, Very a lot appreciated!
IZ, Wkmom,

When cleaning crinoids- ya gotta know what kinda rock is clinging to them- will depend on the rock type you findem in round here it iseasily found in shale i often rtry to clip off- the very best i can with toe nail clippers – be careful- then i’ll use a fairly dilute HCL answer between .1 and .25 dilute-use a “tender wire brush” perhaps nylon brush-ajust hcl to rockhardness- at all times use acid in wellventilated area use safety glasses and neoprene or nitrile gloves- sandstone embeds- may be picked off the crinoids and a final acid wash

Hi Workingmom, Good to see you here! I want I had advise for cleaning fossils, I’d suppose so long as you do not use anything too harsh,will probably be okay!

It seems like it isn’t all that tough for you to find the crinoids where you’re! I get so excited every time I can spot Island one! lol…take care!

Mishael Austin Witty 6 years ago from Kentucky, USA
Love this hub! I was truly fascinated about writing a hub about crinoid beads (actually about utilizing them to create jewellery, since I do that). My husband is an amateur archaeologist (aka rock hound), and he started taking me with him once we first began relationship. I did not care much about finding the arrowheads that he was hunting, but I fell in love with the beads! We were simply down in Monroe Co.KY, and located quite just a few within a few minutes by a few of the various creeks. By the way, do you know an excellent methodology for cleaning fossils I need to wash those beads if I will make jewelry out of them!

Hi Tom,Oh it appears like a rick fossil find space. I’ve never discovered a trilobite, my husband did once while engaged on the railroad. I like to seek out crinoids which are nonetheless attach, however it can be even better to seek out one absolutely intact! Thanks for stopping by!

We have the sme devonian aged fossils near Lake Erie- that shallow sea was really massive when my son went looking with me he said what are all these nuts and washers doing right here-on the bottom of course we were in a crinoid rich space. There were a ton of Brac’s s well-then we discovered some smaller trilobite halves and a had a terrific time diggin the dirt and shale shards He saved pulling up shale and asking what it was then he gave me one with a Trilobite hint fossil (imprint) it was really a good one

Hello WillStarr, You made your kids feel very particular that day! An exquisite fatherly factor to say. I would love to go to Kentucky and take a look at the shale bank. Kentucky has several fossil sites I’ve examine! I recognize you from other hubs and i see you’re now following me, right back at ya!

WillStarr 6 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona
The Kentucky farm the place we lived for a number of years had a shale financial institution on one aspect of a stream that was loaded with fossils. My children have been fascinated after i advised them they were looking on the beginnings of life on Earth, and that their eyes were the primary human eyes to ever see what that they had discovered.

Great, I’m glad you made a new discovery, I hope you find a number of fossils! It really is enjoyable when you discover one! It is gratifying later when you can determine it!

toknowinfo 6 years ago
Wowwee! Nice hub. I reside in Lengthy Island New York, the place there are miles and miles of beaches. I never knew a few of the things I was taking a look at may very well be fossils. When the weather is warmer I’ll revisit your hub to look and be taught more. Thanks for educating me. Rated up and superior.

My jaw dropped whenever you talked about coelacanth fish that was discovered! I’ve learn that too! I might love to come back there and fossil hunt. I’ve never been throughout the ocean. Hope to do this before my day comes around!

Nell Rose 6 years ago from England
Hi, you should come over to England, you would have a terrific time! lol the last time I went to Lyme Regis, Jurassic coast, they were filming for Television, and that they had a fossil programme stuffed with all that they had found, I would think about that there are nonetheless a great deal of what we believe to be extinct animals still on the market living in the deep ocean, I remember studying that fishermen discovered a coelacanth fish still living back in 1933, and i imagine they have caught a couple of extra since then, so you by no means know! cheers nell

Effectively, you’ve got made my day and that i hope yours is full of love and joy! Hugs
BrendyMac 6 years ago

Love this article very much…so attention-grabbing…and I really like your little drawings in addition to these awesome photos. I will likely be back for more and more!!

As a matter of reality I am working on one partly thanks to your encouragement! It is much appreciated!

..Hello Kathi – sure I like to walk alongside my beach within the spring, summer time and fall and choose up ‘found objects’ and flotsam and jetsam washed in from the tide particularly after a storm or high winds but as I converse there’s so much snow and ice down there right now you cannot see anything besides a big blanket of white – everywhere you look – I imagine I can have to attend until the spring now to find anything new and get back to my days of ‘beachcombing’ …….if in case you have any extra photographs about your days on the beach or just around the place you live it would be nice to see you make one other photographic hub on that topic ……

AuthorKathi 6 years in the past from Saugatuck Michigan
I can not assist however feel sorry for poor deaf kitty, however I am certain he/she’s in good arms. We’ve got the identical lake impact on the west coast of Michigan caused by the westerly winds. In actual fact we’re in a snow belt space. Final couple of years we have had file snowfall over 120 inches. Do you choose up fossils if you stroll the seaside Thanks once more to your help!

epigramman 6 years in the past
…absolutely fascinating hub subject you’ve gotten written about right here …. I live on the northern shores of Lake Erie in Ontario, Canada and i stroll on a regular basis alongside my seashore with my deaf cat (on a leash). I live 100 toes away from the lake ……and that i all the time see flotsam and jetsam and located objects that are washed up each day whether or not or not it’s man made or miracles of natures.

By the best way how is the weather the place you reside
We regularly get what is named lake impact situations due to the winds off the lake.

Once more you have got actually finished some wonderful research right here in your hub and could be a worthy addition in any classroom!

AuthorKathi 7 years in the past from Saugatuck Michigan
Pheonix, sorry this response is so ridiculously late, but what did they ever discover on the seashore that day

PhoenixV 7 years in the past from USA
Very cool hub , I’ve a buddy I am going to show this to. They’re most likely on the seashore proper this minute on the west coast gathering shells as I write this!