Widespread Terms Defined
T-shirt manufacturers use many terms to describe their products. The phrases are usually not at all times constant and it helps to have a reference guide.
The following is the official Inexperienced Man T-Shirts Guide to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A normal spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes forty spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The higher number means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts product of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have better drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The terms are used many ways, however it’s the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the same. Threads might be twisted together into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads have been twisted collectively, it can be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made artificial materials, most specialists agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely mushy and has excellent drape.
Bamboo: Quick rising plant, categorised as a grass, which can be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothing.
Bleach Wash: A course of that makes use of bleach to soften and stone island zip coat distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A very wide neckline that runs throughout the collarbone area to the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, the place the extensive neck enabled quick removal if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Women’s vogue reply to the spouse beater. A ladies’s tank high, although it can be any color.
Brushed Cotton: A method to take away excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton often has a very delicate, clean finish.
Burn-Out: A process that makes use of sulfuric acid or different sturdy acid to “burn-out” components of a fabric knit, normally a polyester/cotton mix. The process gives a see-via, very sheer impact.
Cap Sleeves: Often refers to shorter sleeves on women’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Generally known as a “greenhouse” fuel because of its relationship with global warming. A couple of t-shirt manufacturers at the moment are measuring and recording the CO2 emissions involved in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Trust: Independent organization founded in 2001 in Great Britain that monitors carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief works with corporations to help cut back their carbon footprint, and now certifies companies and merchandise as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. Just a few t-shirt companies now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleaning process that eliminates quick fibers and removes dirt and overseas matter. Carding can be done by hand or by massive machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-solely cotton isn’t as desirable as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: Another name for enzyme wash. This provides fabric a smooth feel and a vintage look, depending on how the wash is completed.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell walls of sure plants. Useful in making certain forms of fabrics, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is actually rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, using 18/1 thread, usually knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, rough, and have poor drapability. Used usually as low-cost promotional give-aways.
Climate Neutral: A term used to explain an organization, process, or product that has zero impact on the Earth’s local weather. A couple of t-shirt manufacturers advertise their company as local weather neutral.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often called a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with global warming.
Colorfastness: The power of a garment to withstand multiple washings without losing its coloration.
Combed Cotton: A method to take away short fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a smooth, wonderful cotton yarn. Combed cotton has excessive strength, wonderful uniformity, and higher hand. Combed cotton prices extra and is utilized in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of that compacts the space between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to cut back shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a unique colour than the garment. Gives a pleasant design element in t-shirts.
Control Union: A global group that provides certification services for a variety of programs–together with many natural certification packages. Certifies USDA Natural, as well as GOTS (Global Natural Textile Standard).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a clean flat face and a extra textured but uniform again. Average weight per yard is about 5.5 to 6 ounces. Fundamental t-shirts are manufactured from cotton jersey. Nice cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that’s the preferred on the planet for fabrics. Cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 inches lengthy. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties similar to Pima and Egyptian, which feature fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra highly valued than odd varieties.
Crew Neck: A round shut-fitting neckline. Most typical neck on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A shirt with a brief physique to it; made to expose the midriff area.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used mostly on sleeve/bottom hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. The sort of stitching offers durability and a cleaner, more finished look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has excellent drape, whereas a coarse fabric like burlap has very little. T-shirts that have good drape qualities feel nicer to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that features an extended again than entrance.
Eco-Pleasant: Extremely loose time period that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Nearly ineffective in realistically assessing a product. Favourite time period utilized by inexperienced washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its lengthy size of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to help people who undergo most from environmental abuses comparable to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly active in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash course of utilizing particular enzymes to provide a gentle finish and easy look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a special look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is bodily much less harsh on the fabric in comparison with stone washing.
European Cut: A method of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full lower men’s t-shirt, size giant, normally runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch under the sleeve). A males’s giant European cut will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed before being lower and sewn into a finished piece of clothing.
Truthful Labor Affiliation: A nonprofit group dedicated to ending sweatshop situations in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, especially vital within the apparel enterprise the place working conditions have traditionally been so poor.
Fair Wear Foundation: A world group devoted to enhancing garment workers’ lives everywhere in the world. Works with corporations that produce clothing and different sewn merchandise and that take accountability for his or her provide chain.
High-quality Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a clean flat face and a more textured however uniform back. Tremendous cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than regular cotton jersey. T-shirts made with tremendous cotton jersey have a greater drape and really feel than regular t-shirts. Usually made with 30s and higher cotton thread, and weighs about 4.3 ounces per square yard.
Fitted Minimize: Definitions fluctuate, but typically a fitted reduce refers to a lower that flatters the body. Used often in girls’s t-shirts, the center part of the shirt shall be tighter than the top or bottom. General, the shirts run narrower than a fundamental full minimize.
Full Minimize: A generous, roomy lower. In t-shirts, tubular kinds are generally considered full-reduce, however there are exceptions. Full Minimize differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothing dyed after it has been reduce and sewn right into a completed article of clothes.
Garment Washed: A process the place finished articles of clothing are washed, usually with added softeners to enhance the texture and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used in the nineteen nineties when customers turned nervous about genetically modified meals. Many corporations now apply the GMO free label on everything from meals to pure fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for World Natural Textile Commonplace. A challenge of the Worldwide Working Group. They’ve developed requirements to ensure organic standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, in order to supply a credible assurance to the tip consumer. An organic t-shirt that meets the requirements may be GOTS certified.
Green: Generic time period utilized by advertising gurus to promote products. One other favorite term of “green-washers,” who’re hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none real dedication.
Inexperienced-Washing: Take off on the term “white-washing,” but in an environmental context. Firms that inexperienced-wash are paying lip-service to environmental considerations to draw extra enterprise, but haven’t taken any real steps to be stone island zip coat environmentally accountable.
Hand: The best way a fabric feels to the touch. A fabric that feels smooth and smooth is considered to have a very good hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for 1000’s of years, largely as an industrial fabric. Newer processing strategies have made it appropriate for finer clothes, and now it’s used in many clothing articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its energy and sturdiness.
Henley T-Shirt: Just like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or three buttons (generally up to 5 buttons are used, however that is unusual). A Henley might be both short or lengthy sleeved.
Ice Wash: A technique of stone washing where the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This methodology produces a frosted appearance to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A sort of knit that could be very soft and has a very good drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, more stretchy than Jersey knit, but less stretchy than rib knit. Used in very wonderful garments.
Jersey Knit: Commonly present in t-shirts and is essentially the most durable of knits. It’s gentle weight, and has high-quality vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island in the English Channel. Nice cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with advantageous cotton threads comparable to 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric have been made. There are a lot of kinds of knits. Jersey Knit is commonly present in t-shirts and is probably the most durable of knits. It is mild weight, and has tremendous vertical ribs. Alternatively, rib knits have heavy ribs running down the fabric, while interlock knits are used in very superb fabrics. T-shirt collars are usually rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless fashion t-shirt, but not precisely a tank prime. Primary t-shirt, simply without the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is way wider than an extraordinary tank top.
Neck Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears better than an uncovered stitch. Sometimes called “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek one hundred: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures shoppers that the apparel they purchase is chemical free and poses no risk to their well being. Below the Oeko-Tex commonplace, clothing should be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals.
Natural Apparel: A time period very loosely applied within the garment industry. It could imply something from a hundred% organic to as little as 6% organic. Usually mixed with phrases like Eco-Friendly, Inexperienced, and so on. Shoppers should examine the labels and confirm the supplies used to see if something is really organic or not.
Organic Cotton: Cotton grown with out using pesticides. Certified natural cotton has been inspected to insure it truly is natural.
Organic Soil Affiliation: Based in 1946 by a gaggle of farmers, scientists and nutritionists involved about the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental well being. The Organic Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary organic requirements in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet these standards.
Overdyed: A process the place beforehand dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with an additional color to create a unique look.
Performance T: Title for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and out of doors fanatics. Efficiency Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and odor management capabilities. Many efficiency Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or can be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, because of their absorbency and wicking properties, have develop into often known as performance t-shirts, although they don’t dry as fast as efficiency t-shirts made of one hundred% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Prepared For Dyeing. Sold this technique to t-shirt customizers who want to create their very own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A type of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed in the U.S. in the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It features longer fibers and is used often in tremendous men’s and ladies’s shirts. The title Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the first crops of the new cotton because it was first grown within the U.S.
Pique: A method of knitting that creates a waffle-sort, fantastic textured floor. Used usually in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used extensively in apparel, especially combined with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers back to the process of pre-shrinking fabric earlier than it’s minimize and sewn. Sometimes it refers to an precise finished garment that has been preshrunk. Clothing that has been preshrunk shrinks much less as soon as the purchaser washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will still shrink a bit, nonetheless, particularly if dried using a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Type of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run on to the collar. Often the sleeves are a contrasting shade from the physique. Raglan sleeves are wider underneath the arms, and are most well-liked by wearers who want most freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts normally feature a raglan sleeve type.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that uses plant cellulose as its foremost ingredient. Rayon may be very smooth, has excellent drape, and may be very absorbent. Initially developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs operating down the fabric. Rib knits are usually labeled as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you know the width of the rib compared to the space between. For example, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the area between each rib is identical width as the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as extensive because the areas in between. Rib knit could be very stretchy and is often used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The steady spinning ends in a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the touch.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in numerous colors.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand while washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: One other time period for silicone washed, which produces a really smooth and gentle finish to fabric, and also provides the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Broad, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in girls’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very gentle weight jersey knit, weighing about three.9 ounces per yard. A little bit stretchier than high-quality jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating across the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and looks better than an exposed stitch.
Shrinkage: Often refers to cotton apparel and the amount it can be anticipated to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but 4-5% shrinkage can still be anticipated.
Facet Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam operating down at every aspect underneath the arm sleeves to the bottom hem. Side seamed t-shirts are dearer to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to using inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a very smooth and delicate end to fabric, and in addition gives the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: one other term for a men’s tank high.
Slim Reduce: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one normally finds. For instance, a full reduce men’s t-shirt, dimension large, normally runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A slim lower will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, generally extra.
Stonewashed: A washing course of that makes use of lava rocks or generally silicon and rubber balls. This technique makes fabric softer and gives it an aged or distressed look. Generally bleach is used on this process.
Tank Top: T-Shirt characterized by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The name came from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” however a skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating across the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appears better than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Type:A mode that has no side seams; the body of the t-shirt is spherical and straight. Tubular t-shirts are cheaper to manufacture, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No commonplace definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however usually talking a unisex t-shirt is made of lighter weight, high quality cotton jersey, aspect seamed, and not minimize as full as a daily men’s t-shirt. The sleeves are not additional brief, like cap sleeves, however should not full elbow lengths either. The body length is usually medium/lengthy. Nonetheless, there are broad variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the manufacturer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite that grew to become impartial in 1991 and is infamous for its cotton manufacturing strategies, which embody forced child labor and environmentally destructive practices. Moral apparel corporations boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nevertheless, many corporations don’t care and have refused to hitch within the boycott as a result of Uzbekistan cotton is cheap.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle type of neckline. Can be deep or shallow, relying on the type. Normally favored by girls, but a shallow fashion v-neck is in style amongst males.
Viscose: Usually one other identify for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Often expressed ounces per square yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric signifies that one sq. yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Advantageous jersey cotton fabrics usually have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory time period for a males’s tank high t-shirt. Normally refers to a basic white tank prime.