Largest Earthquakes Within the US
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This earthquake prompted 77 deaths. Wooden homes had been knocked off their foundations within the Keiawa, Punaluu, and Ninole areas and straw houses have been torn to shreds. At Kau, the houses and stone walls have been thrown down. At Waiohinu, a big stone church collapsed within 10 seconds of the onset of shaking. Ground waves as a lot as 0.6 meters from ground to crest had been noticed at Kohala. The movement was so violent at Ulupalakua that it was difficult for individuals to stand.
Ground fissures extended from Pahala to Kilauea. A fissure about 5 kilometers lengthy was reported at Kohuku resulting in a volcanic eruption from that fissure a couple of days later, on April 7 1868. A mass of earth of 3 kilometers vast and 9 meters thick swept down the hillside at Kapapala, carrying with it timber, animals, and folks and thirty-one folks had been killed. Alongside the Puna coast from Kapoho to Apua, the land subsided in places as much as 2 meters. At Kaimu, timber stood about 2.5 meters deep in sand and water. The plain at Kalapana sank about 2 meters, and water stood as a lot as 1.5 meters deep over eight hectares dry land. Also a tsunami struck the Kau-Puna coast including to the devastation at Honuapo, Keauhou, and Punaluu. At Keauhou the water rose 12-15 meters, destroying all of the homes and warehouses and drowning 46 individuals. At Hilo, the top of the wave was about three meters, and at Kealakekua, 2 meters. The tsunami also was observed on Maui and Oahu. Additionally felt on Lanai, Maui, Oahu, and Kauai.
12. Kodiak Island, Alaska
Date: Oct. 9, 1900
Time: 12:25 UTC
The wharf at WoodyIsland was partly destroyed and in addition chimneys, home windows, and crockery have been destroyed in Kodiak. About 50 slight aftershocks continued via the subsequent day. The quake was felt along all of southern Alaska and possibly to the west of Kodiak.
Thirteen. Gulf of Alaska
Date: Nov. 30, 1987
Time: 19:23:19.5 UTC
This earthquake induced damage at Yakutat, northwest of Juneau resulting in broken glassware and cracks in plaster, drywall, home windows, and a basis. Gentle harm occurred at several different towns. There have been additionally cracks in wet floor at Yakutat. Constructing vibrations had been so robust that it was difficult to stand or stroll. Two ships within the epicentral area have been damaged, and three others in the realm felt the shaking strongly. A small tsunami was recorded at Seward, Sitka, and Yakutat. This earthquake had the biggest magnitude of any occasion in the area since that on October 9, 1900.
Click thumbnail to view full-size 14. Central Alaska
Date: Nov. Three, 2002
Time: Thirteen:12 UTC
This main earthquake struck 75 miles south of Fairbanks, Alaska. Roads have been cracked, pipeline support mechanisms have been damaged (designed to maintain a 8.5 magnitude quake) and there were mudslides. The quake was felt all through the state of Alaska. Two main highways were closed due to the cracks caused by the quake. The epicentre was three miles below the earth’s floor making the quake extra severe. People felt the quake for nearly five minutes with many aftershocks and things falling off the shelves.
Click thumbnail to view full-size 15. Owens Valley, California
Date: March 26, 1872
Time: 10:30 UTC
Property loss: $250,000
The earthquake occurred at Lone Pine, the place 52 of fifty nine homes were destroyed and 27 people have been killed. A number of fatalities also were reported in different elements of OwensValley. The principle buildings have been thrown down InyoCounty. At Indian Wells, adobe homes experienced cracks. Property loss has been estimated at $250,000. The shock was felt over most of California and far or Nevada. Thousands of aftershocks occurred, some extreme.
16. Imperial Valley, California
Date: Feb. 24, 1892
Time: 07:20 UTC
This quake destroyed all adobe buildings in previous Carrizo station in San DiegoCounty and likewise chimneys and plaster were broken. In ParadiseValley, a church and schoolhouse constructed on stilts were knocked down and demolished. Ground fissures have been reported at McCainValley and JewelValley; rockslides had been observed between Campo and Carrizo and at Dulzura and JewelValley.
About 155 tremors have been felt at Campo throughout the 12 hours following the primary shock, and aftershocks continued there every few days into April 1892. Observers reported that 135 aftershocks were felt as far away as National Metropolis, on San DiegoBay and in addition along the coast to Santa Barbara, east to Yuma, Arizona, and south to San Quintin, Baja California. The tremor was also felt at Visalia, TulareCounty, about seven hundred kilometers north of San Quintin.
17. Rat Island, Alaska
Date: Nov. 17, 2003
Time: 06:Forty three UTC
This earthquake occurred within the Rat Islands area of the Aleutian Islands and was situated 95 kilometers south-southwest of Amchitka. This earthquake is the most important to happen in North America since the magnitude 7.9 Denali Fault, Alaska earthquake of November 3, 2002, and the largest within the Aleutian Islands since the June 1996 magnitude 7.9 Adak earthquake. There have been 182 aftershocks in 17.5 hours of the primary shock. The most important aftershock occurred at 7:50 UTC, eleven/18 and had a magnitude of 5.7. The principle shock generated a small tsunami of about 50 cm at Shemya and 12 cm at Adak. This quake occurred on the convergent boundary between the subducting Pacific and overriding North American crustal plates. Over one hundred earthquakes of magnitude seven or bigger have occurred along this boundary in the past hundred years.The 1965, eight.7 magnitude Rat Islands earthquake ruptured an approximately 600 km-lengthy portion of the plate boundary.
Click on thumbnail to view full-size 18. New Madrid, Missouri area
Date: Dec. Sixteen, 1811
Fatalities: not recognized exactly
This quake shook the four hundred residents of new Madrid, Missouri, out of their beds at two within the morning. Large cracks split the ground. The waters of the Mississippi rose and fell like an important tide. Giant waves rose up and swept north, giving the impression that the river was actually flowing backwards. Boats alongside the river were engulfed, capsized, and their crews drowned.
Previous river channels slammed shut and new ones opened, altering the course of the stream without end. One large lake had its water suddenly replaced by sand. Another lake, Reelfoot, was created in a matter of moments. Bushes toppled or had been drowned when the land sank instantly beneath them. Log cabins scattered like match sticks in New Madrid however, fortunately, only one person was killed by falling debris.
Injury was reported as far east as Charleston, South Carolina and Washington, DC. In Boston, Massachusetts, 1,000 miles away, church bells were made to ring. The effects of the quake have been felt as far south as New Orleans and as far north as Canada.
There was a second shock hours later. A 3rd quake rocked the realm on January 23 and a fourth the biggest of all was felt on February 7. Between the foremost quakes, there were hundreds of aftershocks.
Click thumbnail to view full-measurement 19. San Francisco, California
Date: April 18, 1906
Time: 13:12:21 UTC
Fatalities: estimated three,000 deaths
Property loss: $524 million
This earthquake is one of the most devastating within the history of California resulting in fires inflicting an estimated three,000 deaths and $524 million in property loss. Duration of the shaking in San Francisco was about 1 minute. The earthquake broken buildings and structures in all elements of the city and county of San Francisco. Most chimneys toppled or were badly damaged. Brick and body houses of atypical construction were broken extensively or destroyed; sewers and water mains were damaged; and streetcar tracks have been bent into wavelike kinds.
On or near the San Andreas fault, buildings had been destroyed and bushes were knocked to the ground. The floor of the bottom was torn and heaved into furrow-like ridges. One pipeline that carried water from SanAndreasLake to San Francisco was broken, shutting off the water supply to the city. The fires that ignited quickly after the onset of the earthquake shortly raged via town because of the lack of water to manage them. They destroyed a big a part of San Francisco and increased the loss at FortBragg and Santa Rosa.
Timber swayed violently, and some had been broken off above the ground or thrown down. The water in springs and artesian wells either elevated or decreased its movement. A couple of sand craterlets formed in areas the place water was ejected via cracks or fissures. A number of foreshocks most likely occurred, and lots of aftershocks had been reported, a few of which have been extreme.
To learn in more element about this earthquake, please observe the link below:
The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake
20. Nice Valley, Nevada
Date: Oct. Three, 1915
Time: 06:Fifty two:Forty eight.0 UTC
This earthquake occurred along a fault on the eastern facet of Nice Valley, Nevada. The epicentral area was almost uninhabited, and, due to this fact, property harm was less than might have been anticipated. At Kennedy, two adobe houses have been destroyed, mine tunnels collapsed, and concrete mine foundations had been cracked. At Winnemucca, adobe buildings generally had been broken, and a number of other multistory brick buildings misplaced their coping and components of upper walls; many chimneys have been demolished above the rooflines. As well as, water tanks were thrown down at BattleMountain, Kodiak, Lovelock, and Parran. Harm occurred on several ranches at the southern finish of PleasantValley: and adobe home was shaken down; a masonry chicken home and a hog pen had been destroyed; and houses had been displaced from their foundations.
This earthquake precipitated a large improve and decrease within the circulation of springs and streams all through northern Nevada. The quake was felt from the State of Oregon to southern California and from the Pacific coast to past Salt Lake Metropolis, Utah. Two foreshocks and lots of aftershocks occurred.
21. New Madrid, Missouri
Date: Jan. 23, 1812
Time: 15:00 UTC
This quake had a magnitude of 7.6 and the Mississippi River valley was convulsed so extreme that it awakened folks in cities as distant at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Norfolk, Virginia. Intermittent robust shaking continued by March 1812 and aftershocks sturdy enough to be felt occurred by the 12 months 1817. Within the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys the earthquakes did way more destruction. ReelfootLake, in the northwest corner of Tennessee, stands today as proof of the would possibly of those great earthquakes. Stumps of trees killed by the sudden submergence of the bottom can nonetheless be seen in ReelfootLake.
Uplift of over three meters was reported at one locality a number of hundred kilometers to the southwest of the epicentral zone where a lake formed by the St. Francis River had its water changed by sand. Quite a few dead fish have been present in the former lake bottom. Giant fissures have been formed within the comfortable alluvial floor. The earthquake made wealthy prairie land unfit for farming because of deep fissures, land subsidence which transformed good fields to swamps, and quite a few sand blows which covered the bottom with sand and mud.
Whole islands disappeared, banks caved into the rivers, and fissures opened and closed within the river beds. Water spouting from these fissures produced large waves within the river. New sections of river channel had been formed and outdated channels reduce off. Many boats have been capsized and an unknown quantity of individuals have been drowned.
Chimneys had been thrown down in Louisville, Kentucky, about four hundred kilometers from the epicentral space, and were broken at distances of 600 kilometers. The quake extended south to the gulf coast, southeast to the Atlantic coast, and northeast to Quebec, Canada.
Click on thumbnail to view full-dimension 22. Landers, California
Date: June 28, 1992
Time: Eleven:57:34 UTC
Property loss: 92 million US dollars
This quake trigger one individual to be killed at YuccaValley, and two individuals died of coronary heart attacks, more than 400 people had been injured and substantial damage occurred in the Landers, YuccaValley space. The quake was also felt throughout southern California, southern Nevada, western Arizona and southern Utah, in excessive-rise buildings as far north as Boise, Idaho, and as far east as Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Denver, Colorado. Surface faulting observed alongside a 70 kilometer segment from Joshua Tree to close to Barstow with as a lot as 5.5 meters of horizontal displacement and as much as 1.8 meters of vertical displacement. Seiches were reported as far north as stone island outlet in uk Lake Union, Washington, and as far east as Aurora, Colorado, and Corpus Christi, Texas.
Click thumbnail to view full-measurement 23. Kern County, California
Date: July 21, 1952
Time: 11:52:14.Zero UTC
Property loss: $60 million
This earthquake was the largest within the United States because the San Francisco shock of 1906. It claimed 12 lives and prompted property damage estimated at $60 million. There, the earthquake cracked bolstered-concrete tunnels having partitions 46 centimeters thick on the Southern Pacific Railroad southeast of Bealville; it shortened the space between portals of two tunnels about 2.5 meters and bent the rails into S-shaped curves. At OwensLake (about 160 kilometers from the epicenter), salt beds shifted, and brine lines were bent into S-shapes. Many floor ruptures had been noticed along the decrease slopes of Bear Mountain, within the White Wolf fault zone. The considerably flat, poorly consolidated alluvium in the valley was erratically cracked and recontoured. The cracking along Bear Mountain indicated that the mountain itself moved upward and to the north. Southwest of Arvin, on the San JoaquinValley floor, ground cracks traversed and spilt the concrete foundation on one house, causing partial collapse. East of Caliente, one massive crack, about 1.5 meter at its widest point and more than 60 centimeters deep, was noticed. At Tehachapi, Bakersfield, and Arvin, outdated and poorly constructed masonry and adobe buildings had been cracked, and a few collapsed.
In Bakersfield cracks formed in many brick buildings, and older college buildings were broken somewhat. The Kern GeneralHospital was broken heavily. Water splashed from swimming pools as far distant because the Los Angeles space, where damage to tall buildings was intensive. Water also splashed in pressure tanks on tops of buildings in San Francisco. No less than one constructing was broken in San Diego, and in Las Vegas, Nevada, a constructing under construction required realignment of the structural steel.
The primary shock was felt over most of California and in components of western Arizona and western Nevada. It was noticed at such distant factors as Stirling City, California, Phoenix, Arizona, and Gerlach, Nevada. The California Institute of Know-how at Pasadena recorded 188 aftershocks of magnitude 4.Zero and better via September 26, 1952; six aftershocks on July 21 were of magnitude 5.Zero and better.
24. West of Lompoc, California
Date: Nov. 4, 1927
Time: 13:50 UTC
The quake prompted extreme damage to property within the areas west and north of Lompoc. Chimneys were wrecked at several towns, together with Arroyo Grande, Berros, Guadalupe, Halcyon, Lompoc, Los Alamos, and Nipomo. On the Roberd’s ranch, an earthquake fountain created between 10 and 20 sand craters; lurches and cracks have been observed within the water-soaked soil. The Roberd ranch house was shifted on its basis about 5 centimeters, and small outbuildings were pushed from their foundations. The partitions of a poorly constructed block constructing collapsed at White Hills. At Santa Maria and other towns in the area, chimneys were broken, old brick partitions and inside partitions formed cracks, and cornices fell.
Near Surf, west of Lompoc, the Southern Pacific Railroad bridge was thrown out of alignment close to its center; a concrete freeway was cracked; and small rockslides and earthslides occurred. Cracks formed in the ground about 6.5 kilometers north of Arlight. Felt from Morgon Hill south to Redondo Seashore and from the coast east to Kernville. A tsunami was recorded on tide gages at San Francisco, La Jolla, San Diego, and Fort Point, and waves were observed at Pismo, Port San Luis and Surf. Many aftershocks occurred.
25. Dixie Valley, Nevada
Date: Dec. 16, 1954
Time: Eleven:07:11 UTC
The earthquake was accompanied by offsets along many faults in the 4 most important zones of a north-trending belt 96 kilometers long by 32 kilometers extensive. Minor geologic results had been changes in the stream of springs and wells, formation of craters and water fountains, landslips and landslides, mudflows, and rockfalls.
The inhabitants was sparse within the epicentral region of this earthquake, and few man-made constructions existed. Injury to buildings, therefore, was minor despite the geologic and seismographic evidence of a major earthquake.
Heavy furniture had been displaced at Frenchman Station, about eleven kilometers west of major surface faulting, but damage to buildings was negligible. Differential settlement of about 10 centimeters that occurred below a wooden-frame retailer resulted in minor cracking of the constructing. Damage at Fallon, about 48 kilometers west of the closest main surface break, was limited to a few toppled chimneys. A whole bunch of aftershocks occurred. The principle earthquake additionally was felt in Arizona, California, Idaho, Oregon, and Utah.
Click thumbnail to view full-dimension 26. Hebgen Lake, Montana
Date: Aug. 18, 1959
Time: 06:37:13.5 UTC
Property loss: $Eleven million
This earthquake prompted 28 fatalities and about $11 million in damage to highways and timber. It’s characterized by in depth fault scarps, subsidence and uplift, an enormous landslide, and a seiche in HebgenLake. Essentially the most disastrous impact of the earthquake was the massive avalanche of rock, soil and bushes that cascaded from the steep south wall of the Madison RiverCanyon. This slide formed a barrier that blocked the gorge and stopped the flow of the Madison River and, within a number of weeks, created a lake almost fifty three meters deep. The amount of material that blocked the Madison River below Hebgen Dam has been estimated at 28 – 33 million cubic meters. A lot of the 28 deaths had been brought on by rockslides that coated the Rock Creek public campground on the Madison River, about 9.5 kilometers beneath Hebgen Dam.
Many summer homes within the HebgenLake area were damaged: houses and cabins shifted off their foundations, chimneys fell, and pipelines broke. Highway harm close to HebgenLake was resulting from landslides slumping vertically and flowing laterally beneath pavements and bridges, which brought on extreme cracks and destruction. High intensities were observed within the northwest part of YellowstoneNational Park. Here, new geysers erupted, and large slumping precipitated large cracks in the ground from which steam emitted. Many hot springs became muddy.
Minor damages occurred all through southern Montana, northeast Idaho, and northwest Wyoming and have been felt as far as Seattle, Washington, to the west; Banff, Canada, to the north; Dickinson, North Dakota, to the east; and Provo, Utah, to the south. Aftershocks continued for several months
Click thumbnail to view full-size 27. Borah Peak, Idaho
Date: Oct. 28, 1983
Time: 14:06:06.5 UTC
Property loss: $12.5 million
The Borah Peak earthquake is the biggest ever recorded in Idaho, both when it comes to magnitude and in amount of property harm. It triggered two deaths in Challis, and an estimated $12.5 million in damage in the Challis-Mackay area. Severe floor faulting was related to this earthquake, a 34 kilometer long northwest trending zone of fresh scarps and floor breakage on the southwest slope of the Lost River Range. Probably the most in depth breakage occurred along the 8-kilometer zone between West Spring and Cedar Creek. Here, the ground surface was shattered into randomly tilted blocks a number of meters in width. Other devastations embody rockfalls and landslides on the steep slopes of the Misplaced River Range, water fountains and sand boils near the geologic characteristic of Chilly Buttes and the Mackay Reservoir, enhance or decrease in movement of water in springs, and fluctuations in well water ranges. A brief lake was formed by the rising water table south of Dickey. Probably the most severe property harm occurred within the towns of Challis and Mackay, the place 11 business buildings and 39 private homes sustained main harm and 200 houses sustained minor to reasonable injury.
At Mackay, a lot of the business structures on Predominant Avenue have been damaged to some extent. Damaged buildings were primarily of masonry development, including brick, concrete block, or stone. About ninety p.c of the residential chimneys were cracked, twisted, or collapsed. At Challis, less injury to buildings and chimneys was sustained, but two constructions have been damaged extensively. Many aftershocks occurred through 1983. the quake was additionally felt in components in Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, and within the Provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan, Canada.
28. West of Eureka, California
Date: Jan. 31, 1922
Time: 13:17:22 UTC
Property loss: unknown
Particulars of the incident:
This doubtlessly damaging earthquake was felt from Eugene, Oregon, to San Francisco
The 1959 Yellowstone Earthquake (Disaster) Purchase Now Prepared America 70280 Emergency Equipment, 2-Individual, 3-Day Backpack Buy Now Associated
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sendingTo cool for u. AND U Know it TOO!!!!!!!!!!! Three years ago
im in science class on my phone right now and i must know WHAT TECTONIC PLATE BOUNDARY IN NEAREST TO THE RAT ISLANDS, ALASKA EARTHQUAKE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Authorlivingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom
Thanks James, I’m glad it helped!
James 4 years ago
thanks for helping me with a homework assignment they really work thanks ever doing homework for earthquakes i do know the place to look
Kate 5 years ago
I am the new Madrid fault traces spouse
Thank you Jaime for reading and sharing your expertise!
Jaime 5 years in the past
I was in earthquake #8….scary but pretty superior for just a little child!! 🙂 Thankfully nobody was hurt.
Andrew Hincks 5 years ago
EarthQuake On A Bridge http://www.youtube.com/watch v=6MzP2EgYVSM
thithi 5 years in the past
Authorlivingsta 5 years ago from United Kingdom
Thank you for the information EQTactics !
EQTactics 6 years ago from South-West Pennsylvania, United States
I noticed that on the USGS that #2 must be a magnitude 9.0 off Washington
Authorlivingsta 6 years in the past from United Kingdom
They have an effect on principally the areas that lie on or close to the Pacific ring of fireplace
FMA 6 years ago
I live in California and thought it was in all probability probably the most earthquake prone state. I’m shocked to see so many in Alaska. Do they primarily have an effect on unpopulated areas
Mani 7 years ago
Authorlivingsta 7 years in the past from United Kingdom
Thank you for passing by Wyatt and the feedback
wyatt_earp_fan 7 years in the past
That is fascinating, I’ve all the time been intrigued by earthquakes and their awesome power, also scared shitless. I have been following the exercise of the Sierra El Mayor earthquake in Baja California trigger I stay just some miles away from it. Seems the activity is beginning to pick up again.
Quilligrapher 7 years in the past from New York
Very properly carried out, Livingsta. An interesting and informative learn. Q.
Elayne 7 years in the past from Rocky Mountains
Fairly scary reading. Hopefully we won’t have any extra big ones, however we probably will. We used to reside in Tonga the place they might happen every once in a while but there aren’t any tall mountains or buildings so you just go for a little roller coaster journey. One knocked us on the ground and was fairly loopy.
Thanks Habee, for your comments. I too dread earthquakes. have felt a mild one, which almost stopped my coronary heart. If nature goes wild, then sure, it is de facto scary.
Holle Abee eight years ago from Georgia
Glorious work. Earthquakes terrify me! Thank goodness we do not have them right here. We do get lots of tornadoes, nonetheless, they usually scare me, too!
Thanks prasetio30 for the feedback. Sure it took some time for me to go through completely different references to get precise data and footage.
prasetio30 eight years in the past from malang-indonesia
it was amazing, really big catastrophe. thanks for share this data. you will have great research about this topic.
Authorlivingsta eight years in the past from United Kingdom
Sure Retellect, these are a few of the key ones. But there are surprisingly earthquakes occurring virtually each single day alongside these fault lines. thanks for studying and commenting
retellect 8 years ago from United Kingdom
I had no thought a lot earthquakes had been record in America. Rattling, I am actually shocked!
giirii 8 years ago
hmm nice wrk
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