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A prehistoric cult* complicated which is about 7,500 years old, i.e. dating to the Chalcolithic, as well as what has been described as “possibly Prehistoric Europe’s largest stone building”, have been found by the archaeologists who have resumed the excavations of the Paleolithic and Neolithic settlement on the massive Island in the Durankulak Lake in Bulgaria’s northeastern-most nook.
The excavations of the Paleolithic and Neolithic settlement on the big Island in Bulgaria’s Durankulak Lake first started in 1970s, with the found Paleolithic finds relationship again to around 10,000 stone island cargo pants BC; and a Neolithic settlement dating again to between 5500-5400 BC and 5100-5000 BC.
The settlement, which created what is claimed to be Europe’s first stone city, belongs to Blatnitsa, the earliest section of Europe’s Late Neolithic Hamangia-Durankulak Culture (whose stays are found in today’s Black Sea areas of Bulgaria and Romania).
A few of the finds date again to about 10,000 BC, the Paleolithic Age, and there are also quite a few finds from all of the later intervals in Prehistory, and from the Antiquity and the Center Ages.
The massive Island in the Durankulak Lake, a 3.4 sq. km lagoon, is known as the Lake Metropolis or the “European Troy”.
It options prehistoric stays from what is said to be the first sedentary agricultural culture in Europe, which created Europe’s first stone structure.
The so called Big Island is at present a peninsula with an area of 19 decares (app. 4.7 acres, or zero.019 sq. km).
Cult artifacts found in the newly discovered cult complex in the prehistoric settlement in the Durankulak Lake in Northeast Bulgaria. Photo: Tv seize from BNT
The 2015 summer excavations of the prehistoric settlement in Durankulak are the primary in 11 years, and have revealed more of the secrets of the stone metropolis on the lake island positioned right next to the Black Sea coast, studies the Bulgarian National Television.
Prior to now few days, the archaeologists working in Durankulak have unearthed “possibly the most important stone constructing recognized to date in Europe” which comprises a kiln that was in use for about eighty years. Another construction nearby incorporates varied cult artifacts.
The newly found stone constructing, which dates back to the Chalcolithic (Aeneolithic, or Copper Age), has been found to have collapsed because of an earthquake.
“The challenge we are now going stone island cargo pants through is to reveal the sequence of the layers, or the stages of life, in probably the most monumental buildings ever in prehistoric Europe,” says Petar Zidarov, an archaeologist from New Bulgarian College in Sofia.
He makes it clear that the stone building in question had an area of over 200 square meters, and if it will get confirmed that it had two floors, it might have a combined built-up area of over four hundred square meters.
“The people who lived on this place weren’t simply glorious builders however they were additionally among the primary people on the earth who began to smelt metals equivalent to native copper and native gold, to forge jewels out of them, and to trade with them as far because the Mediterranean coast,” Zidarov provides.
A newly discovered prehistoric kiln inside the large stone constructing in the prehistoric settlement in Bulgaria’s Durankulak was in use for about eighty years. Photograph: Tv seize from BNT
The 2015 excavations of the prehistoric settlement on the massive Island in the Durankulak Lake are a joint venture of the Nationwide Institute and Museum of Archaeology of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, New Bulgarian University, and the Varna Museum of Archaeology.
Unfortunately, famend Bulgarian archaeologist Henrieta Todorova who studied the prehistoric culture in Durankulak for about 40 years has lately passed away.
The archaeological excavations are funded jointly by the Bulgarian Ministry of Tradition and Shabla Municipality.
Shabla Municipality has recently implemented a challenge for creating Bulgaria’s first open-air Paleolithic museum at the location of the prehistoric settlement on the big Island in the Durankulak Lake, near the town of Durankulak.
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The excavations of the prehistoric settlement on the large Island in the Durankulak Lake in Northeast Bulgaria have been resumed after an eleven-year pause. Photo: Tv seize from BNT
The Durankulak Archaeological Preserve is situated close to the Black Sea coast and Bulgaria’s land border with Romania; it options several archaeological sites from totally different ages, the most historical one courting again to the Paleolithic and Neolithic Period, and the most recent one – to the first Bulgarian Empire within the tenth century.
The Paleolithic and Neolithic settlement on the big Island in the Durankulak Lake, a lagoon with an space of 3.4 square km on Bulgaria’s Black Sea Northern Black Sea coast close to the town of Durankulak, Shabla Municipality, is known because the Lake Metropolis or the “European Troy”.
It options prehistoric stays from what is alleged to be the first sedentary agricultural culture in Europe. The so known as Large Island is right this moment a peninsula with an area of 19 decares (app. Four.7 acres, or zero.019 sq. km).
The excavations of the Paleolithic and Neolithic settlement on the massive Island in Bulgaria’s Durankulak Lake first started in 1974 by Bulgarian archaeologists Henrieta Todorova and Todor Dimov.
They found Paleolithic finds dating back to round 10,000 BC; and a Neolithic settlement relationship back to between 5500-5400 BC and 5100-5000 BC.
The settlement, which created what is claimed to be Europe’s first stone city, is characterized as belonging to Blatnitsa, the earliest section of Europe’s Late Neolithic Hamangia-Durankulak Culture (whose stays are present in today’s Black Sea regions of Romania and Bulgaria).
The Bulgarian archaeologists found archaeological layers from a total of 8 prehistoric settlements on the Durankulak Lake island, the primary two of which belong to the Late Neolithic Hamangia-Durankulak Culture and the subsequent 4 – to the Chalcolithic (Aeneolithic, Copper Age) Varna Culture.
What is claimed to be the world’s largest Paleolithic-Neolithic necropolis – containing traces of about 1400 and 1204 studied graves – relationship back to 5300-3800 BC – has also been found there.
The primary burial mounds courting to concerning the 3500-3400 BC are said to have mark the arrival of the proto-Thracians.
The archaeological site on the island additionally features stays from Historic Thrace – a Thracian settlement dating back to 1300-1200 BC, across the time of the Trojan Battle; a 4th century BC rock shrine of Thracian (Greek, Anatolian) Mother Goddess Cybele; and a 9th-10th century Advert fortress from the interval of the primary Bulgarian Empire (632/680-1018 Ad), and an Historical Bulgar necropolis.
*In this text, as in all different articles of ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com, the term “cult” is utilized in its unique and basic that means which is much like the which means of “religion”, often referring to religious cults in prehistoric and historical times, as exemplified by the below definition derived from “Oxford Cheap Stone Island Dictionaries”. This meaning shouldn’t be confused with other meanings of the word “cult”, and shouldn’t be confused for an abbreviation of the term “culture”.
1. A system of religious veneration and devotion directed towards a particular figure or object: “the cult of St.