Frequent Phrases Explained
T-shirt manufacturers stone island aw13 sale use many terms to explain their merchandise. The terms usually are not all the time constant and it helps to have a reference guide.
The following is the official Inexperienced Man T-Shirts Information to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A normal spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes forty spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is known as 40s cotton, or forty/1. The higher quantity means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts product of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have better drape than t-shirts fabricated from 20s. The phrases are used many ways, but it is the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the same. Threads could be twisted collectively into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads had been twisted collectively, it can be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made synthetic materials, most consultants agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely comfortable and has wonderful drape.
Bamboo: Quick growing plant, labeled as a grass, which could be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothing.
Bleach Wash: A process that makes use of bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A very vast neckline that runs throughout the collarbone area to the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, the place the broad neck enabled quick removing if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Ladies’s style reply to the spouse beater. A girls’s tank high, although it can be any color.
Brushed Cotton: A technique to remove excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton normally has a really delicate, smooth end.
Burn-Out: A process that uses sulfuric acid or different robust acid to “burn-out” parts of a fabric knit, usually a polyester/cotton mix. The method offers a see-by means of, very sheer effect.
Cap Sleeves: Normally refers to shorter sleeves on women’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Generally known as a “greenhouse” gas because of its relationship with world warming. Just a few t-shirt manufacturers are actually measuring and recording the CO2 emissions involved in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Belief: Independent group founded in 2001 in Great Britain that displays carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief works with corporations to help scale back their carbon footprint, and now certifies corporations and products as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A number of t-shirt companies now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleaning process that eliminates quick fibers and removes dirt and international matter. Carding could be accomplished by hand or by giant machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-solely cotton is just not as fascinating as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: Another title for enzyme wash. This provides fabric a mushy feel and a vintage look, depending on how the wash is finished.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell walls of certain plants. Helpful in making certain sorts of fabrics, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is definitely rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, using 18/1 thread, often knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used usually as low-cost promotional give-aways.
Local weather Neutral: A time period used to describe an organization, course of, or product that has zero influence on the Earth’s local weather. A number of t-shirt manufacturers advertise their firm as local weather impartial.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Generally known as a “greenhouse” gasoline due to its relationship with world warming.
Colorfastness: The flexibility of a garment to withstand a number of washings without shedding its shade.
Combed Cotton: A technique to take away brief fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a smooth, effective cotton yarn. Combed cotton has excessive energy, wonderful uniformity, and higher hand. Combed cotton costs extra and is used in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A process that compacts the space between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to scale back shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a special color than the garment. Offers a nice design detail in t-shirts.
Management Union: A global organization that gives certification providers for a wide range of applications–together with many natural certification programs. Certifies USDA Organic, in addition to GOTS (World Organic Textile Customary).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a clean flat face and a more textured however uniform again. Common weight per yard is about 5.5 to six ounces. Primary t-shirts are product of cotton jersey. Advantageous cotton jersey is usually smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that is the most popular in the world for fabrics. Cotton fibers are usually ½ to 2 inches lengthy. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties equivalent to Pima and Egyptian, which characteristic fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra extremely valued than abnormal varieties.
Crew Neck: A spherical close-fitting neckline. Most common neck on t-shirts.
Crop High: A shirt with a short physique to it; made to expose the midriff space.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/backside hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. This sort of stitching gives sturdiness and a cleaner, extra finished look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has glorious drape, whereas a coarse fabric like burlap has little or no. T-shirts which have good drape qualities really feel nicer to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that options an extended back than entrance.
Eco-Friendly: Extraordinarily unfastened term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Virtually ineffective in realistically assessing a product. Favourite term used by green washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its lengthy size of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to assist individuals who suffer most from environmental abuses equivalent to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Especially active in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash course of using particular enzymes to produce a soft end and smooth look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is physically less harsh on the fabric compared to stone washing.
European Minimize: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full cut men’s t-shirt, measurement large, usually runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A men’s large European minimize will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, generally extra.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed earlier than being cut and sewn into a finished piece of clothing.
Honest Labor Affiliation: A nonprofit group devoted to ending sweatshop circumstances in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, particularly necessary in the apparel enterprise the place working circumstances have traditionally been so poor.
Truthful Wear Basis: A global group dedicated to enhancing garment staff’ lives all around the world. Works with companies that produce clothes and different sewn products and that take duty for his or her provide chain.
Advantageous Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a clean flat face and a extra textured however uniform again. High-quality cotton jersey is normally smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with high-quality cotton jersey have a greater drape and really feel than common t-shirts. Normally made with 30s and higher cotton thread, and weighs about four.3 ounces per sq. yard.
Fitted Lower: Definitions differ, however usually a fitted minimize refers to a cut that flatters the body. Used usually in women’s t-shirts, the middle part of the shirt will probably be tighter than the top or backside. Overall, the shirts run narrower than a basic full lower.
Full Reduce: A generous, roomy cut. In t-shirts, tubular styles are usually thought-about full-minimize, however there are exceptions. Full Reduce differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothing dyed after it has been minimize and sewn into a completed article of clothes.
Garment Washed: A course of where completed articles of clothing are washed, normally with added softeners to improve the texture and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used within the nineties when customers grew to become apprehensive about genetically modified food. Many firms now apply the GMO free label on every little thing from meals to pure fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for Global Organic Textile Normal. A undertaking of the Worldwide Working Group. They’ve developed requirements to ensure natural status of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, in order to offer a credible assurance to the tip consumer. An organic t-shirt that meets the standards will be GOTS certified.
Green: Generic time period used by advertising gurus to promote merchandise. Another favourite term of “inexperienced-washers,” who are hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none real dedication.
Green-Washing: Take off on the time period “white-washing,” but in an environmental context. Corporations that green-wash are paying lip-service to environmental considerations to attract more business, however haven’t taken any real steps to be environmentally accountable.
Hand: The way in which a fabric feels to the touch. A fabric that feels comfortable and clean is considered to have an excellent hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for hundreds of years, principally as an industrial fabric. Newer processing methods have made it suitable for finer clothes, and now it’s used in many clothes articles, including t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its power and durability.
Henley T-Shirt: Much like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt featuring 2 or 3 buttons (typically up to 5 buttons are used, but that is uncommon). A Henley might be both short or lengthy sleeved.
Ice Wash: A way of stone washing the place the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This methodology produces a frosted appearance to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A type of knit that could be very gentle and has an excellent drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, however much less stretchy than rib knit. Used in very fantastic garments.
Jersey Knit: Generally found in t-shirts and is probably the most durable of knits. It’s mild weight, and has positive vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island in the English Channel. Wonderful cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with tremendous cotton threads comparable to 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric have been made. There are a lot of forms of knits. Jersey Knit is commonly present in t-shirts and is probably the most durable of knits. It’s mild weight, and has positive vertical ribs. Alternatively, rib knits have heavy ribs operating down the fabric, while interlock knits are used in very tremendous fabrics. T-shirt collars are normally rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless model t-shirt, but not precisely a tank prime. Primary t-shirt, simply without the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is way wider than an atypical tank top.
Neck Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears better than an uncovered stitch. Sometimes called “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek one hundred: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Association, which assures shoppers that the apparel they purchase is chemical free and poses no danger to their well being. Below the Oeko-Tex commonplace, clothing should be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals.
Natural Apparel: A time period very loosely applied within the garment industry. It could actually imply something from a hundred% organic to as little as 6% organic. Usually combined with phrases like Eco-Friendly, Inexperienced, and so on. Customers should examine the labels and confirm the supplies used to see if something is really organic or not.
Organic Cotton: Cotton grown without the usage of pesticides. Certified natural cotton has been inspected to insure it actually is natural.
Organic Soil Affiliation: Based in 1946 by a bunch of farmers, scientists and nutritionists concerned about the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental health. The Organic Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary natural standards in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet these requirements.
Overdyed: A course of where beforehand dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with a further color to create a singular look.
Efficiency T: Name for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and out of doors fans. Efficiency Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, quick drying, and odor control capabilities. Many performance Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or may also be a hundred% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, due to their absorbency and wicking properties, have grow to be known as efficiency t-shirts, though they do not dry as quick as efficiency t-shirts made from 100% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Bought this method to t-shirt customizers who need to create their own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A kind of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. within the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It options longer fibers and is used usually in fantastic males’s and women’s shirts. The name Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the primary crops of the brand new cotton because it was first grown within the U.S.
Pique: A technique of knitting that creates a waffle-type, positive textured floor. Used usually in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from synthetic polymers. Used widely in apparel, particularly mixed with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers back to the strategy of pre-shrinking fabric before it is minimize and sewn. Occasionally it refers to an precise completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks less as soon as the buyer washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will nonetheless shrink a bit, nonetheless, particularly if dried utilizing a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Style of t-shirt featuring sleeves that run directly to the collar. Usually the sleeves are a contrasting shade from the body. Raglan sleeves are wider under the arms, and are preferred by wearers who need maximum freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts normally characteristic a raglan sleeve style.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its most important ingredient. Rayon is very comfortable, has wonderful drape, and could be very absorbent. Initially developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs running down the fabric. Rib knits are often categorized as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you realize the width of the rib compared to the house between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the space between every rib is similar width as the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as wide because the areas in between. Rib knit may be very stretchy and is commonly used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The steady spinning results in a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the touch.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in varied colours.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand while washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: Another term for silicone washed, which produces a really clean and comfortable finish to fabric, and also offers the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Huge, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very mild weight jersey knit, weighing about three.9 ounces per yard. Somewhat stretchier than advantageous jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and looks better than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Normally refers to cotton apparel and the quantity it may be anticipated to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however four-5% shrinkage can nonetheless be expected.
Aspect Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam working down at every side beneath the arm sleeves to the underside hem. Facet seamed t-shirts are costlier to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a very easy and soft end to fabric, and also provides the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: one other term for a males’s tank top.
Slim Minimize: A method of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one normally finds. For example, a full cut males’s t-shirt, measurement giant, usually runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A slim cut will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.
Stonewashed: A washing course of that makes use of lava rocks or typically silicon and rubber balls. This methodology makes fabric softer and offers it an aged or distressed look. Sometimes bleach is used on this course of.
Tank High: T-Shirt characterized by thin shoulder straps and no sleeves. The identify got here from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” but a thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and looks better than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Style:A method that has no aspect seams; the physique of the t-shirt is round and straight. Tubular t-shirts are inexpensive to manufacture, and make up the bulk of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No customary definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however typically talking a unisex t-shirt is made from lighter weight, wonderful cotton jersey, side seamed, and not reduce as full as a regular men’s t-shirt. The sleeves should not additional short, like cap sleeves, however aren’t full elbow lengths both. The physique size is normally medium/lengthy. However, there are extensive variations in unisex t-shirts, depending on the manufacturer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite tv for pc that became independent in 1991 and is infamous for its cotton production methods, which embrace compelled little one labor and environmentally destructive practices. Moral apparel firms boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nevertheless, many firms do not care and have refused to affix within the boycott as a result of Uzbekistan cotton is low cost.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle fashion of neckline. May be deep or shallow, depending on the model. Often favored by ladies, but a shallow style v-neck is popular amongst men.
Viscose: Typically one other title for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Normally expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric implies that one square yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. High-quality jersey cotton fabrics often have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory term for a men’s tank top t-shirt. Usually refers to a fundamental white tank high.